The Dentist and the Dragon

The Dragon

As many of my readers know, we have a good medical system in New Zealand.  It’s good, but it’s not great.

We also have a very different system when it comes to injuries and medical misadventures.  For a start, in New Zealand we don’t call them Medical Misadventure.  Oh, it’s an adventure.  For some, like Derek, it’s the ride of your life.

But it is, like a broken leg, classed as an injury.  For Derek, it’s a “Treatment” injury.  He was injured because of medical treatment.  But that’s history.  Or should that be “His Story”.

When you suffer at the hands of the medical community, and are injured because of it, you get to have an assessment by the Government’s “Independent” “Insurance” Company.

Set up in the 1970’s, it was designed to stop any form of Litigation.  Stop people having to pay crazy amounts of insurance just in case they suffer an injury.  But like anything new, the concept and the reality can be vastly different.

This great independent organization, that was there for the injured, were under some very strict Insurance type rules.  And like any good insurance company, they change the rules as often they change their pants.  So, you have an injury you don’t know if you will be adequately covered.

When you read back through my blog you will see that Derek was covered for his Treatment Injury.  This injury is his Adrenal Insufficiency.  This impacts all parts of his life.

He had to give up driving because, although there is no obvious brain damage, he can no longer multi-task (Yes!  I was lucky enough to marry a man that could multi-task).  He is also one of the most intelligent men I have ever met.  This is not me saying this, his School History (top 50 in the country) says this.  He has been assessed as being unable to focus on more than one thing, his short-term memory is now not what it was, his ability to manage his stress is nothing compared to what it was.

But we manage.  He still has his job.  That’s thanks to an amazing boss.

So, the New Zealand insurance system, known as the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC as we all know it) is our Dragon.

His treatment injury is permanent.  It affects many aspects of his life, and if we need help because of that, we have to go into the dragon’s cave, and convince that dragon to stop breathing flames, and let us past, to get to the help we need.

To this end, he has a “Case Manager”.  This is his direct contact in the dragon’s lair.  But this Dragon is very hard on their workers.  They are always being burned to the point the run, screaming from the lair, never to go back.

But on their way out, as the scream ENOUGH, they are supposed to contact all their “clients” and let them know they have reached boiling point, and they have run.

The Dentist

So why the back story?

Earlier this year Derek when for his normal checkup with the Dentist.  She checked his teeth.  They are ok.  He needs more work the longer he is on steroids, but it could also be the fact he has “reached a certain age”.   It comes to us all eventually.

She did x-rays, and then the bad news.  “You need to have your 2 remaining wisdom teeth out.”

“OK can you do it?”  Ah, the naivety of my darling husband.  Hell NO!  No way she will do it.  She doesn’t mind the fact he is on warfarin to stop him clotting.  He can even keep his INR within his designated range.  She isn’t even worried that he has suffered CAPS.  What she is terrified about is the stress it will cause him, and the very real, and high risk of an Adrenal Crisis.

“You need to see an orthodontist.  They will do it under anesthetic, in hospital, where they can keep an eye on you, and monitor you properly.

Here’s where it gets a bit real.  Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons cost money.  OK, not as much as in the US, but a lot for little old NZ.  And I sure as hell am NOT paying.

I don’t mind paying $1500 to have it done in the local surgery, under local anesthetic.  But an oral surgeon, anesthetist, a hospital bed for the day (or longer).  No way.  We would not have to pay that if he didn’t have AI, so no way am I paying.

Fighting the Dragon

Off to the Dragon’s Leir we go.  Putting on our bravest face.  Derek puts the words on paper, and I then writing them in a firm way.

Please Mr Dragon, can we have the money for the surgery.  We should be covered as it’s due to the treatment injury he needs the high-risk extraction.

I don’t know if it’s the words I use, but we were told “Please, who would you like to assess you.  We have Surgeons on our supplier list.  Use one of them”.

Well, this is going to be a battle then.  And the line has been drawn.  We have to use one of THEIR suppliers.  And anyone who has dealt with ACC know that their “authorized suppliers” are not there to spend ACC money, they are there to reduce that spend.

First blood to us.  The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon we wanted to specifically use, is on THEIR list.  We get our choice.  But this is just stage one.  The visit to the Orthodontist to get an assessment.

Does Derek need the extractions: Absolutely, and soon, there is already jaw damage being caused by the teeth.  It will soon become painful, and there is a high risk of infection.

Does it need to be done by a specialist:  Absolutely yes.  These could be done in a standard dental surgery, but if something goes wrong, the teeth break or they are difficult extractions, then it would have to stop, and then it would become an emergency extraction.

Does Derek need General Anesthetic.  Yes.  Due to his complicated situation, a General, even though stressful on the body would be safer in case something goes wrong with the extraction.

We wait for the report to come back from the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon.  It didn’t come.  Oh, yes it did, it went to SPAM.

We then draft a very short email to Derek’s Case Manager and forward the report and the quote.

We decide that we will be willing to split the cost.  We pay what it would cost in a normal dental surgery, ACC pay the rest.  Now we wait to see what they decide.

Again, we waited.  The first thing we were expecting was a letter from the Case Manager saying “thanks for your email, I will forward it for decision”.  It never came.  So, a week later we sent it again.  Having fought battles with this Dragon before (and won) we did our usual.

“HI, you haven’t responded to our previous email.  Please tell us what is happening, we are reattaching the documents in case they were stopped at your gateway.”  We sent the email again 6 working days later.  Then we sent one without the attachment.  Still absolutely no response.  So we had one more go.  But this time we sent a copy to their “Complaints” department.  We have learned through the 6 years so far of battling ACC, that we need to do this to make things happen.

We received a very quick response, but NOT from our case manager.   The response included “ Ann has left ACC, this is why you wouldn’t have received a response yet.  We have sent your email to someone else”.  That was it.  Still no idea who.

Apparently, “Ann” ran so fast out the door of the Dragon’s Leir, she didn’t have time to let anyone know she was going.  We were put on to someone else.

We waited until “someone else” then responded to us.

So off to the complaints office we trot.  This time it was a “Formal” complaint, not just a CC.

We want to know who our case manager is, why have we not had a decision on the dental work, why were we not told our case manager had left, oh, and why, after making the first “complain” was his right to have what is called “Driving for Independence” looked at, and why was our GP being asked whether Derek was now able to drive safely, and therefore cancel the driving provided.

Suddenly a swathe of emails from the Dragon’s Leir.

  • SORRY! We have given you TWO case managers so this never happens again.
  • SORRY! Please resend the information and we will get it to our assessment team urgently.
  • SORRY!  I hadn’t read the case file fully, and just saw that your driving was renewed 6 monthly, and that hadn’t happened so was reassessing your need.  I now understand that it is a permanent (lifelong) Driving service we provide.

I guess, if you have to be given a sword to slay a dragon, it’s great when you get the RIGHT sword.

I have mentioned before, and if anyone fighting ACC reads this again, I will repeat.  YOU HAVE RIGHTS!  And for Derek, the key right is that they MUST take his injury into account whenever dealing with him. They had also failed to properly communicate with us, along with other violations.

For someone with a broken leg it’s easy.  They simply say, here, have some crutches and come on in for an assessment.  With a Mental disability due to an accident, it’s not as easy, and the sword they are given is NOT a strong one.  They are disadvantaged as they must fight with all the might of someone fully functional, but who is missing two arms.  And the sword can be taken at any time, just because they can.

But for Derek, they can’t do that.  His covered condition is Adrenal Insufficiency (although the regularly get that wrong, and are currently calling it Adrenal Sufficiency).   But as it is written everywhere that it is the lack of the stress response hormone, it’s a “Gotcha”.  They are not allowed to cause him stress because it will make him sick, and that is not taking his injury into account.

And they have come to the party.  Not quite with the best offer, but it’s a start, they have agreed to pay for the hospital, and the anesthesiologist.  We haven’t finished, but we have time.

So now the preparation begins for the 24 January 2020 (baring anything going wrong in the meantime). Derek is scheduled for the first appointment of the day, in a private hospital, for his tooth extraction, and a day’s monitoring to ensure he doesn’t get sick.

 

 

Still a Single Road at Times

Aside

In 2013, my second post was very short.  It was entitled “As single road at times”.

My posts back then were very short.  They were a lot about how I was feeling, how we were learning to live with this condition strange new called Primary Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison’s Disease).

It was May 2013 that I began to Blog.  In the last 6 years a lot of things have changed.  But a lot have stayed the same, we have just learned to accept them and adjust to them.

Going to live performances, etc alone has become a new normal.  I buy 2 tickets, and find someone to join me if Derek isn’t up to it.  This could be a big show, or one that our children are performing in.  Adjusting things so that we can go together has also become a “thing”.  Whether that is by buying a matinée performance ticket instead of a night time one, or making sure he has a full day of rest, including a sleep, we will do what we need to, to keep going.

In May last year Derek had a set back.  It was serious but it wasn’t obvious.  A few blood tests went haywire for no obvious reason, he became a lot more tired than normal, and other subtle differences occurred.  Despite this we carried on with life.  We continued planning our big adventure overseas.

We did the trip.  It was extremely tiring on Derek.  We did a lot of walking with him using a walking stick constantly.  We would walk, stop for coffee, walk, stop for a cold drink, walk, stop for a few photos, walk, stop for an ice cream (they make great ice cream in Europe).  You get the picture.

Derek has been more tired than usual since getting home.  It’s now 6 months since the trip and he is still a lot more tired than he was before May last year.  So we have made more adjustments.

We have learned from that trip that you have to choose the fight.  So now, if we are going out and we know it will be stressful, or very tiring on Derek, we use a wheelchair for him.    After borrowing one for an evening we knew would be too hard on him without, he finally agreed that he really did need it.  But not all the time, just for the harder events.  It means that sometimes he can go out, and we can enjoy ourselves together.   I still go out on my own because he is not up to it.  Or we cancel our plans because I don’t want to go alone.

What we thought was just residual tired from the trip appears to not be that at all.  After having more “crazy blood tests” we began to wonder.  We have now looked at his bloods for the last 12 months, what ever is wrong, has been wrong since his various blood levels went haywire in April/May last year.  But that’s ok, there is nothing we can do except keep an eye on his levels so that is what we do.

The reason we know things have not be right since May is that we keep track of all his blood tests.  We don’t need to go the Doctor to ask, we can see.  We know the symptoms, we know the signs and we can see his “normal” is changing and not for the better.

Having said that, in the words of a good friend who writes an amazing blog, he is clearly alive and will remain so.

Dehydration in Adrenal Crisis

When your sodium is normal, but you are dehydrated.

 


Dehydration does cause the serum creatinine to rise and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) will, accordingly, fall. The degree of change is generally proportional to the degree of dehydration. Severe dehydration can actually cause acute kidney injury and may lead to a need for dialysis therapy.
National Kidney Foundation.


Water, water, every where,

And all the boards did shrink;

Water, water, every where,

Nor any drop to drink.

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (text of 1834) Samuel-Taylor-Coleridge


Within the support groups there is always talk about dehydration being a sign of crisis, or impending crisis (or pre-crisis if that’s what you prefer to call it).  To decide if you are in crisis, your electrolytes are checked.  The standard sign is low sodium of <135 and/or high potassium of >5.2.  The problem is when you don’t fit this criteria.

I hear many times, people believe they are in crisis, they feel horrible, they feel sick, they feel dehydrated, but when they present at ED they have their bloods taken, and are told they are “normal”, they aren’t dehydrated and therefore they can’t be in crisis.

What is being tested is sodium and potassium.  I don’t often hear talk about creatinine.

Yet creatinine is the better teller of dehydration.  Derek has had 3 crisis since diagnosis.  The first two I didn’t get the blood test results for.

The 3rd one, because it was 18 months after diagnosis, I knew Derek’s normal blood levels.  I was recording them on OneNote so I had them with me wherever I was, whenever bloods were taken.  So I asked the Dr what Derek’s blood results were.

She insisted they were “all fine”.  I kept pushing requesting very firmly that she told me the levels.  She kept saying she couldn’t remember them, but they were fine.  After pushing more and explaining that I knew what his normal was, so I would like to compare them, she finally told me that one was creatinine.  She remembered this number because it was high, which meant his kidney function was low.

When I pointed out that it was changed and higher than his normal level she actually argued with me that it was better than the one she compared it to.  I asked the date of that one.  It was compared to when he was in hospital suffering  CAPS and his worst and most life threatening Adrenal Crisis, before diagnosis.  She wasn’t interested.

She was a Resident, which means she was learning how to be a Dr, she was a first year resident, so some basic knowledge should still have been in her brain.

Although at that time I knew Derek’s numbers, what I didn’t know was what those numbers meant.

After some more toing and froing we finally got Derek some SoluCortef, but still no fluid because his sodium had come back in the higher end of normal.  I have since learned that his potassium was just above range and higher than normal for him.

The next day when the General Medical Consultant did ward rounds, his first comment was “So, pneumonia and adrenal crisis, and you are dehydrated.”

He had looked very quickly at a vein in Derek’s neck to confirm, but he was also looking at the blood results.

After I got home I started investigating what it was, when sodium was normal, that told him Derek was dehydrated, and why drinking water hadn’t helped.

Here’s what I found out.

Why Sodium and Water may not help. A very simple explanation.

Although Sodium can be a sign of dehydration, when you are on fludrocortisone sodium can be kept within range, but it won’t stop the kidneys from functioning below par.

When creatinine is higher, and therefore eGFR is lower than YOUR normal, it is a commonly known indicator of dehydration.  The lower the eGFR number the more dehydrated you are.

But why don’t sodium and fluids help?

If you are really suffering low cortisol then that same low cortisol stops your body absorbing fluids so you not only need sodium, but you need cortisol, to keep you from becoming dehydrated.  This is where Blood Pressure comes in.  When you are first dehydrated, your body kicks in with a lot of other system mechanisms, to keep your blood volume up, hence you don’t suffer low BP immediately.  It is the dehydration that determines when your blood pressure lowers.

The reason HC works to lower your BP is because it helps your body absorb the fluids it needs to increase blood volume, and thereby reduce the other mechanisms from activating, to try and balance things out.  This won’t necessarily stop the crisis, but it will help you long enough to get more help.

So if you are told you can’t be dehydrated because your sodium isn’t low, ask what your creatinine (or eGFR) is.  If they don’t know, ask them to find out.  If they still argue, ask them what anti-diuretic hormone does, and the effect of that when you have low cortisol.    It is one of a number of the mechanisms in your body to keep your blood volume up when dehydrated.

Generally, a high serum creatinine level means that your kidneys aren’t working well. Your creatinine level may temporarily increase if you’re dehydrated, have a low blood volume, eat a large amount of meat or take certain medications. – Mayo Clinic Website.

 

Back to Derek

When Derek is dehydrated he slips from Stage 2 to Stage 3 CKD.  We have to monitor it regularly.  IF you don’t know what your normal is perhaps you should find out when you are feeling healthy.  This could save you a lot of medical issues when you are sick.  And check out my post on “know your own normal” because sometimes, it too can save you.

One thing I remember is when Derek was in hospital in crisis before diagnosis, after 3 days they had to stop the fluids as his body was swelling up, and wasn’t absorbing the fluids.  His kidney’s were failing, his blood pressure had started going down, and fluids were not working as he was just absorbing into tissue, his blood volume was going down.

A number of people have asked why they get fluids and fee better, before they are in crisis.  these people still appear to have a very small amount of cortisol production.  It may be that it’s enough to help absorb the fluids.  Derek has no production, so at the time his body had nothing, including aldosterone, to help.

 

The Half-life of Facts

Aside

I was watching QI this morning. It’s a show where the facts are “Quite Interesting”, and generally obscure.

This morning the episode said something I was so intrigued with, that I rewound it to.
It stated that “At medical college, they usually teach that half of what medical students will learn, will be considered untrue in 10-20 years. This is termed the “half-life of facts”. That is to say that you know that half of the information will be untrue, you just don’t know which half.”

I found that to be Quite Interesting. Enough so that I decided to look the fact up, and see if there was any truth to it.

Samuel Arbesman, a mathematician at Harvard, titled his new book “The Half-life of Facts”. When talking to the Economist, he stated:

For example, in the area of medical science dealing with hepatitis and cirrhosis, two liver diseases, researchers actually measured how long it takes for half of the knowledge in these fields to be overturned. They gave a whole bunch of research papers from fifty years ago to a panel of experts and asked them which were still regarded as true and which had been refuted or no longer considered interesting. They plotted this on a graph. What they found is that there is a nice, smooth rate of decay; you can predict that every 45 years, half of this particular sort of knowledge gets outdated.”

But why am I citing an article in the Economist. Because you probably know a Dr that is still using that 50% of knowledge that is now outdated. Yet they treat you based on that knowledge.

According to Dr. Michael Gold from the Medical University of South Carolina; To paraphrase:

The half-life of medical knowledge is seven years.”

If Dr’s are not keeping up to date, they may be treating you based on what is now outdated knowledge. We have found one such Dr in the guise of the Medical Advisor of one national Advocacy group

He trained 50 years ago. Based on the half-life of facts, if he finished his training in 1970, by 2010, almost 50% of what he learned is outdated. Some of that is “knowledge” is still stating as fact which is on the groups public webiste. When we recently questioned this knowledge (which we showed with research papers to be obsolete) we were told by the Advisor “I don’t care.” (words in writing).

This attitude by the “Medical Avisor” of a major Advocacy Group for a rare condition leads to several questions.

  1. Why is he holding the position? Is it just that it has some kudos?
  2. How does his obsolete knowledge help patients today to live a better life when other Doctor use that “knowledge” to treat the patient.

Knowledge is Power, but obsolete Knowledge is DANGEROUS!

Continuing education is key to good Doctoring. And that continuing education must include reading recent research on the conditions they are treating and accepting that just because it goes against what they have been taught, doesn’t mean it is wrong, or that the Dr researching and promoting the new information is doing it “for ulterior motives”.

Next time you speak to your Dr, ask him the date of the last Research Paper was that they read? If it is before 2000, then there is a better than even chance that half that knowledge is obsolete, or will be in the next couple of years. Ask them if they have heard the term Half-life Of Facts.

Some will agree, others will get upset because they will be reminded that they are not as up to date as they should be, and others will probably refute the statement, or get angry about it. Most likely the latter, are so well past their half-life with knowledge, that they should perhaps be ignored completely.

Biologic Half-Life of Hydrocortisone.  Why is this important?

As Derek lives with Adrenal Insufficiency, we started looking into his steroid doses to work out whether he was on the best dosing schedule possible for him.

In 2016 we had an Endo appointment and asked for a Day Curve to confirm his dosing was right.  It was refused.  So we asked for 1 random cortisol blood test.  This was agreed to, more to keep us quiet than that the endocrinologist was actually looking for something.  What we didn’t tell him was what WE were looking for.

We both believed that his dosing at 3 times a day was leaving him with low cortisol in the middle of the day.  The only way to show this was to have a random cortisol taken right before his second dose of the day was due. His dosing at the time was:

6.00 am – 10mg / 12.00 noon – 7.5 mg / 4.00 pm – 5 mg

The problem with this dosing was that by 2.00 pm every day he was feeling like he wanted to sleep, and felt “blah”.  Some days he was also showing clear signs of low cortisol.

We had seen tables that said that cortisol had a Half Life of 8-12 hours, but that didn’t make sense.  We had also seen other tables that said 2 hours.  That was a big difference.  We needed to know what was going on for Derek.

1 Blood Test Tells It All

On the day we had set for the test Derek took his morning dose as usual at 6am.  We then did the things we normally do on a weekend, very little.   At 11.15 we went to the Lab for the blood draw.  We wanted it as close to his second scheduled dose of the day as possible.

When we got the results it showed what we already believed.  He was under range.  Not just under range for that time of day, but below range completely.  His cortisol was not lasting long enough in his body.  But we had been shown tables that said it had a biologic half-life of 8-12 hours, so how could he be below range in 5.5 hours?

This didn’t make sense even though we knew it was right.  So we started looking into what was meant by biologic half-life.  What we found out is very scary, very concerning, and actually very dangerous.

What did we find?

BIOLOGIC HALF-LIFE CAN BE RUBBISH.  It can be a false number, it shouldn’t be used in the way the below table indicates.

The table here is beening used by many groups/forums and on medical sites including on websites such as Endotxt.org, NCBI, and NADF so it must be right, surely.

Do NOT use this to work out the half life of your Hydrocortisone or Prednisone for dosing!

 

Here it was, the table we got shown constantly.  So Derek started looking further to try and find out where the biologic half-life came from.  The first thing he found was the definition for biological half-life:

 

“Time required by a body to process and eliminate half the amount of a substance introduced into it. Also called biological half-life, biological half time, metabolic half-life, or metabolic half time.”

A number of variations of this table appear on the Internet and use the column heading Duration of Action.  Other variations of this table simply classify the corticosteroids as short-, intermediate- or long-acting.  The same numbers apply no matter what the column is referred to as.

If this column truly is a (biologic) half-life, and we apply the rule of 5 half-lives for complete elimination, then that would mean that Hydrocortisone would be visible in the body for up to roughly 2 days (40 hrs).  Yet when Derek had a blood test before his morning dose, his cortisol was undetectable having had HC at 4pm the night before.  That was 17 hours and no detectable cortisol.  What would happen for the other 20+ hours?  It was clear there was something seriously wrong with this table.  None of this would be consistent with the title Duration of Action.

Also, if that was the case, you would only be prescribed cortisol once a day, not 3x, or more often now, 4x a day.

Where did this Table column come from?

There is no clear ownership of the table that we could find.  It is used, copied, and the copy is referenced, but tracking back to the original hasn’t been possible by us.  We do know it was created before 1980

He became very curious and decided to look further for the source of the information and came across this quote from “Principles of Endocrinology and Metabolism”,3rd edition, 2001, Chapter 78 “Corticosteroid Therapy” by Lloyd Axelrod.

This paper references the definition of:

“The commonly used glucocorticoids are classified as short-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting on the basis of the duration of the corticotropin (ACTH) suppression after a single dose, equivalent in anti-inflammatory activity to 50mg of prednisone.”

This is all about suppression of ACTH on high doses of prednisone, nothing to do with the amount of time you will remain within a safe cortisol range when you have Adrenal Insufficiency, yet Dr’s and patients alike use the table to justify twice a day dosing on HC.

So what are the implications of this table?

If someone uses this table to tell you that half-life is 8-12 hours for hydrocortisone they are wrong.

After looking for the original source of the table we discovered that the test was done as above, with a normal healthy person being given 50mg prednisone (approx 200mg HC).  The only thing that can be taken from the original research is that 50mg prednisone will suppress ACTH production for a period of time.  The hydrocortisone, and other drugs, were extrapolated from there (guess work based on poor knowledge).

If you had Primary Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison’s) and Hydrocortisone had a half-life of 8-12 hours, then taking HC every 6 hours would mean constant suppression of ACTH, and you would not have high ACTH after starting the steroid.  But we know this isn’t correct because many with Addison’s still have some part of their Addison’s “Tan” due to raised ACTH.  This is supported by the document below.

Professor Peter Hindmarsh is Professor of Peadiatric Endocrinology at University College London and Consultant in Peadiatric Endocrinology and Diabetes at University College London Hospitals and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. He is currently Divisional Clinical Director for Paediatrics at University College London Hospitals.  He also runs a website called CAHISUS.  He has written an article called GETTING CORTISOL REPLACEMENT OPTIMAL IN ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY

The major goal of cortisol replacement in patients with adrenal insufficiency is to mimic as closely as possible, the normal pattern of cortisol production known as the circadian rhythm. The reason why we try to achieve this, is primarily to minimise side effects of over and under replacement and promote improved overall health. The two key factors are understanding the circadian profile and the pharmacology of hydrocortisone.

In this article Prof Hindmarsh talks about getting optimal dosing, and also looks at the absorption and clearance of people.  What he showed is that there is a very large variation between people. The article is well worth a read.  He also pointed out that the half life of hydrocortisone is a lot shorted than 8-12 hours, in fact, it is more like 70-90 minutes.

Another CAHISUS leaflet states this:

Hydrocortisone has a quick onset and the cortisol peaks to the highest level usually around 2 hours after being taken.  The cortisol obtained from the tablet lasts in the blood circulation between 4-6 hours.

This is a change from an old document by Prof Hindmarsh which included the old figures as above.  Things have changed, research has improved, and there is more knowledge out there.

What Does All This Mean in Steroid Dependant People?

For me?  Gobbledygook.  If you have a clear understanding of Half-Life, Clearance, and metabolism you may follow what is talked about in the studies.  Personally, it confuses the heck out of me.

I do however, understand the concept of half-life.  I first heard about it when watching a movie years ago about a child who had a certain amount of a chemical in his body at point C, and they claimed he had been given the chemical at point A.  It was pointed out that he would have drunk a gallon of the chemical to have the amount still in his system because of the half-life of the chemical.  The chemical had been very bitter and it would not be possible for the child to drink that much.  I became very interested in half-life.  I didn’t think then that it would be so important in Derek’s everyday life.

I had to ask Derek what everything he had found, and what the implications of half-life on hydrocortisone meant in layman’s terms, but even he struggled to explain it in a way that I could be easily understand. One thing he reminded me of is that while your Cortisol is going up, it is also being used.

I have also learned through this research is that even legitimate medical websites actually have misleading or wrong information.

When you are looking at a good way to dose for you, it must be an individual choice, based on how you feel between doses, whether you are willing to take multiple doses a day, and base it on signs and symptoms.  The fact that Derek felt low at the scheduled time of his second dose of the day, and this was supported by a blood test that showed low cortisol, meant we could get the Endo to agree that dosing more frequently was the right option for him.

Now that he is on a better regime of 4 times a day, he functions a little better, he has a low base level of HC, and in the last 6 months, has lost weight without trying, but not in a bad way.

I wish you all luck with this as I understand that there are many Dr’s out there who are not interested in listening to their patients on more dosing throughout the day.  One of the reasons for this is they don’t believe that you will be compliant, even though you are the one asking.

If they think you are asking for something that shouldn’t be done, then show them Prof Hindmarsh’s document above.

When Different Became Normal?

4 years and 9 months ago I took my husband to hospital for surgery to remove cancer.

I knew, as we walked Derek to the hospital ward for admission that things would change.  He was having his prostate out, there were implications, including not knowing if this would put his cancer in remission, or if it was just step one of a long journey.

We had no idea at that time, that things would go so horribly wrong, and that he would forever by living life on the edge of the precipice, waiting for the slightest thing to push him over the edge.

We spent the first 18 months after surgery going from medical appointment to medical appointment.  It wasn’t unusual to be told “wow, and he is alive” like the Dr’s were patting each other on the back for doing such a great job, or shocked that anyone can live through what he suffered (very few do).

Then the appointments they were making started to dry up.  So we began pushing.  Things were still not right.  There were still things that had not been acknowledge, investigated, diagnosed.

After 3 years we felt we knew mostly how the CAPS affected him.  Knowing what was wrong, what we could fix (which wasn’t a lot) and what we had to learn to live with.

We kept using the term “our new normal” when asked about how we coped with everything.  According to the many medical books out there, most people with Adrenal Insufficiency can just take their medication 2-3 times a day and have a normal life.

Except that this isn’t the case for most.

At the 3 year mark we started reading, we started downloading “stuff”, we started learning everything we could about Derek’s medical conditions.  Neither of us has read so many medical studies.  Or chased so many references to find the original source data for all the presumptions.

While learning, life carried on.  We added meds (at our insistence, not the Dr’s), we changed Dereks dosing schedule as we learned that HC didn’t last long

The we realised it.

We are coming up 3 years since Derek’s last Crisis.  We have managed chest infections, urinary tract infections, colds, throat infections, injuries (mostly minor), and frights.  All without emergency medical intervention.

We had woken up one day and we weren’t working on getting used to our “new normal”, life was again just “normal”.

When did that happen?  When did Derek having Primary Adrenal Insufficiency, Dysphagia, constant brain fog, and a frequent need to “up dose” become just NORMAL?

I had to race home earlier this year as Derek was unwell, but I didn’t panic, I didn’t get a ride with anyone, I didn’t even feel an urgent need to go and get a taxi home, I just took the bus and train, then routinely sorted out his medical appointment and treatment.

I wake every morning and wonder “is this they day I find him unresponsive”, is he going to roll over and take his morning cortisol like normal.

For 4 years I would leave home each day worried about what would happen if I got that call.  When I got it, I didn’t panic, I just told Derek what to do, and headed home.

I am never really happy in the morning until I know that he has rolled over and taken his meds.  But quite often I sleep through him doing it.  Whether or not he is awake by the time I am out of the shower is still on my mind, for a fleeting moment, then things turn to normal daily routine.

I get up, I get ready for work, I head out the door, wishing Derek a good day, and work all day.

There was a time when I had to call or txt Derek 2-3 times a day to see how he was, listening intently to his voice to see if I can get any clues on whether or not he is sick.

Now I only call when I need to speak to him about something.  I will still txt him most days, especially if I notice that he seems a little tired the night before.  But it’s not with dread of what the response will be, it’s with a genuine “how are you” as you would ask anyone who was tired.

I don’t know when it happened, but our New Normal, is now just Normal.

The misquote in the medical text which originally said “you can live a normal life span” became, for many Dr’s “You can live a normal life.”   It is a bit like the misquote from Spock, who never actually said “It’s life Jim, but not as we know it”.  It sounds great, but is an urban myth based on some small portion of words.

However, there is some truth in it for anyone who is chronically ill.  As the mother of young children, running around dropping them at different activities, sitting up until they were asleep at night, having them with me in my bed when they were sick was all very normal for the situation, but if you didn’t have children, then it wasn’t normal, it was different, it was hard work, it was tiring.

So too with the chronically ill.  For the outsider, it isn’t normal to feel tired all the time, it isn’t normal to take multiple doses of multiple medications just to function, it isn’t normal to finger prick every day before and after meals.  But for those that do it, at some point, it does become normal.

And that is where we find ourselves.  We are out the other end of the tunnel, and that big light heading towards us wasn’t a freight train on our track, it was on the adjacent track.  It shook our world when it went flying past, but it didn’t stop us in our tracks, it just caused us to take a little detour in our life.

Derek still has to take hydrocortisone, fludrocortisone, DHEA, warfarin, vitamin D, BP meds, and anything else that he needs to function, but that’s normal.

We are lucky.  Our normal is actually OK.  We’ve got this.

How did we get here?  We got educated.  We studied his conditions, and we took control of them and we lived.  We continued to do things daily.  Some days it is a struggle, but we do it, one foot in front of the other, one dose of medication after the other.  Along the way we learned what “normal” meant for Derek, in his blood tests, his BP, his fatigue levels, even his body temperature.  Knowing his “normal” and accepting it, means we can work with it.

Part of accepting the new normal was accepting what you can’t change.  After working around it for a while, it will become normal.  It’s like taking a different road when going to work.  If you take it often enough, it becomes your normal routine.

There is a prayer that many groups use about acceptance.

 

Even if you are not a person who believes in prayer, the sentiment is the same.  Acceptance of what is, courage to learn how to change what is needed to change, and the understanding that there is a difference.

 

 

 

There are days when Derek isn’t so well, but that’s ok.  We know what to do, and we do it.  The good days outweigh the bad.

Normal, in this new form, is not great, but it is good.  It is doable.  And in the words of a good friend, “He is clearly alive”

I asked Derek his take on this NORMAL

“The new normal is doing less than before, but it is something.  We do what we can, and enjoy it. Failure to accept the situation would lead to depression, and I’m not going there

It’s not what Jo signed up for. But it’s what she has also accepted.  We have all had to accept it, including the kids.  It could never be normal until we all accepted it.”

Thank you to all those who have helped us to get to this point, there are too many to mention here.

 

Doctor Shopping

According to Wikipedia “Dr Shopping” is done by patients trying to get prescriptions for pain killers or the like, from multiple Dr’s.  Dr’s believe this is also the only reason.

But it’s also a term used patients when they are dissatisfied with the care their current PCP/GP is giving them and they want either a Single Second Opinion, or you want a complete change of Dr, and they try several before they settle on one.

I recently heard about a Seinfeld episode (I didn’t watch it myself) where someone had been labeled “a difficult patient” and then “fired” by their Dr and tried to steal their medical records to change the “difficult patient” label because it was being seen by every Dr they went to.

When you Dr Shop for a better standard of care, what it is assumed is that you are looking for drugs, because, well, what else could it be?  Heaven forbid you might actually just want to get your life back on track, and have a better Quality of Life.

And once something negative is put on your medical file, anyone that reads it, will believe it, because it was written by a Dr, or Nurse, and they know you better then you do.  After all, they have seen you for at least 10 minutes.

Many patients with chronic illness have this problem.  One I heard of recently had the term “malingerer” put on their file, even though during that particular ER visit, they were admitted to hospital seriously ill for several days in adrenal crisis.

The process to have that single word removed from their file was going to be long and arduous.  And it was not guaranteed it would be removed.

These days people are realising that we all have a right to a certain standard of care, and to get that you sometimes have to shop for the right Dr for you.

Have YOU ever gone Dr shopping?

We have.  Our Dr, who we liked, retired and we had to find someone who could look after Derek’s complex situation.  We wanted someone who was willing to acknowledge what they didn’t know, and be willing to learn what they needed to, to help Derek live the most “normal” life he could.

We needed someone who would order tests if we asked, who would acknowledge tests that were not within Derek’s “normal” range, and who would suggest options, referrals, medications, to help, not hinder him.

That was hard.  Our Dr had gone on a 3 month sabbatical so we used the Locum, but found her to be a very basic, “if it’s not a cold, I don’t want to know” type Dr.  We then learned, because Derek needed to see a Dr, that ours was not coming back but had decided to retire.  We were offered the opportunity to stick with the temporary Dr in his practice or go to another Dr in the practice.  Neither of these was an option as we knew both and had found them lacking in both People skills, and willingness to work with the patient.  They would rather talk AT you than WITH you.  There was no way I would entrust Derek to their care.

We had also learned not to trust Doctors completely so finding one I was willing to trust was going to be hard.

I started thinking about this recently because of a news article I read about a new Dr’s practice opening up in a town which was suffering an extreme shortage of Dr’s.  The problem was, the Head Dr in the town said patients should NOT Dr shop.  She insisted you should stick with the Dr you had good or bad, and learn to work with them.  But there was no mention of the Dr learning to work with the patient.

When you have a chronic illness it is more important than ever that you have a Dr you trust, but also a Dr that knows the correct way to treat you.

In the social media groups, you are not supposed to Criticize doctors.  The reason for that became obvious to someone one day when their specialist told them he no longer wanted to treat them because they had heard what this particular patient had said in a closed group, about how she felt his care was.  It was also originally not allowed to recommend or “rate” your Dr.  Because of issues around recommending Medical Practitioners and litigation in some countries, it is also good practice to avoid support groups advising one Dr over another.

Now however, there a several “Recommended” lists for people to find the right specialist.  This works to a point, but you have to be able to get in to them.  You also still need a General Practitioner or Primary Care Practitioner.

This is where Dr shopping IS a good idea.  And this is what Derek and I proceeded to do.

A couple of years previous the local Medical Centre had been taken over, and renovated.  We were hearing good things about the new owner.

Since we were looking for a new GP, and the Medical Centre was, within walking distance for when Derek was feeling well, it was decided that we would check out the Doctors there.  Only I didn’t want just any Doctor.  I wanted one I could click with.

I had already been Dr shopping when looking for a family Dr years ago, when I found the one that is now retiring.  I had been to a number of Drs after we moved town, but hadn’t yet met one I “clicked” with, until that particular Dr.

This time I was doing it deliberately.  So I went in with a list of questions, and informed her immediately that I was there to see if I felt she was the right Dr for us.  Her books were closed, she was the 2nd in charge in the practice of 10 Doctors and it would be hard to get on to her books.

Some of the questions were:
1.  Are you willing to allow me full access to all test results?
2.  Are you willing to have patient led care?
3.  Are you happy being interviewed by a patient?

Derek is lucky.  The Doctor was very happy we were interviewing her.  And once we explained Derek’s medical conditions, and history, she understood that we were being careful about who we chose.

Once you find your Dr

Whoever you decide on, once you start to work together it needs to be a partnership.  It can’t be one sided, from either side.

A friend of mine has written a document for working with your Dr which is well worth a read.

Talking to your Doctor

by Des Rolph

When going to appointments be prepared. Take your medical history with you. If it is extensive, type it up making dot points, not long paragraphs. It is easier for them to read. Keeping your notes concise and to the point is key, no rambling on.

  1. Tell them that you would like to work with them in treating your problem and that you need to fully understand reasons behind treatment and what the expected outcomes should be.
  2. Ask if they have any documentation/information around their proposed treatment and your condition, or can they point you to websites that explain the condition.
  3. Initially go in with a list of symptoms and general questions rather than with your own thoughts on diagnosis. You can always do a bit of steering if they aren’t connecting with you, but things get missed if you try to lead too early. If you are not sure about anything, ask questions.
  4. Have a list of questions! Do not throw them together at the last minute, but jot them down in the weeks leading up to the appointment. Take two copies, one for the doctor, one for you to make notes. I have found some doctors write on your notes and hand them back to you.
  5. It is helpful to take someone with you to the appointment, so that they can take notes so you don’t miss anything. For some reason, having someone with you who can validate your symptoms can have a positive impact. It might be useful to have an extra copy of your list of questions for them as well.
  6. Keep a symptom diary. Jot down BP on waking and going to bed at minimum. It is helpful to have a glucose metre, and take note of your blood sugars before meals. Jot down any symptoms you experience and record your cortisone dose if you have updosed for the day. If you have pain, indicate out of 10 what level it was.
  7. Medication list – also break it down by time of day and dosages for each
  8. If you have multiple doctors and/or multiple conditions, be sure to note who prescribes each medication and/or what condition it is for.
  9. Include in your medication list, any supplements, over the counter medications and as-needed tablets, solutions, powders or remedies.

You have many things to weigh up, and make decisions about. If you have multiple issues, often one treatment can inversely affect something else, and we have to decide which is the most at risk.

Remember that they are working for you, and that the ideal relationship between you and your doctor should be open, honest, and equal. They should respect that you need to understand their decisions and why they are making them. Without understanding treatment, we can become anxious and not feel confident.